Kuwait is accused by Iraq of altering the surface area of the waterway by installing a naval platform as part of the construction of Mubarak Al-Kabir Port on the opposite bank to Iraq’s Umm Qasr Port.
Referred to as Fisht El-Eij, the artificial piece of land, insists Kuwait, lies within its own territorial waters. Iraq disagrees, and says that, since 2012, such plans undermine the existing maritime borders. Once completed, the new port will make it difficult for Iraq to challenge Kuwait’s claim to territories that Baghdad has historically administered.
On 5 September Baghdad appealed formally to the UN Security Council to intervene in the conflict, protesting against Kuwaiti attempts to deprive Iraq of joint ownership and the freedom to navigate the narrow waterway.