The Committee called on Iraq to incorporate the offence of enforced disappearance into its domestic criminal legislation and to ensure that no person is held in secret detention.
To be sure, the Committee also welcomed that Iraq set up two fact-finding committees, in 2016 and 2018, to address enforced disappearances committed in the country. It also hailed the drafting of the Bill on the Protection of Persons from Enforced Disappearance, which is currently before the Council of Ministers.
But the experts also expressed concern at delays in adopting this legislation, which has fostered a lack of criminalization of the offence. It recommended that Iraq revise the bill, in compliance with the International Convention, and in consultation with all stakeholders, including civil society.