Dr, Bianka Speidl, shed new light on the ways in which low-intensity conflicts are being exported out of Iraq, to Europe. Her paper centred on the materialisation of the Sunni-Shia divide, with the rise of sectarian entrepreneurs embedded within religious, transnational networks.
Mr. Michael Clark delivered a presentation that places the government's handling of the Islamic State under scrutinizing light. The question his paper poses is an important but often forgotten one: 'to what extent can we speak of a 'Sh'i response' to IS? Engaging with the debate about the current government fight against terror, Clark's talk surveyed the sub-state actors involved in the battles wages since Sistani's 2014 fatwa, un-picking their loyalties and interests.
The final panel, which included presentations from Dr. Cengis Gunes, and Dr. Muhanad Seloom, focused on the movement and future of Kurds in Iran. Both journeyed back into history to talk about the past of Iranian kurds, their present, and possible future as nationals of the Iranian state.